The Securitization of Transnational Environmental Crime and the Militarization of Conservation
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Published in Lorraine Elliott and William H. Schaedla, eds, Handbook of Transnational Environmental Crime, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, 2016, pp. 68-87.
The joining of the language and practice of ‘security’ with various forms of transnational environmental crime (TEC) – especially the illegal wildlife trade – has become a prominent feature of public policy debate, regulatory outcomes, and dispute with the research and non-governmental organisation communities. The purpose of this chapter is to review and analyse the ways in which this particular security discourse has been framed. It begins with a brief overview of ‘securitisation’ as a theoretical construct, then sketches a TEC security metric that draws, first, on the claims made about security in the context of other forms of transnational and organised criminal practice and, second, that pays attention to both non-traditional and more orthodox forms of insecurity.
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