Theorisation of the Responsibility to Protect (R2P) has been substantially developed in the academic literature and the principle has been employed with increasing frequency by the international community to promote more effective responses to mass atrocity crimes. First articulated in the 2001 report by the International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty, and endorsed by over 170 heads of state at the 2005 World Summit, R2P has evolved from concept to consolidated international norm, and is a guiding doctrine in international relations that articulates the ethical, legal, and political basis for mobilising international responses to potential or unfolding mass atrocities. However, currently there is a disjunction between academic and policy understandings of R2P that impedes the transfer of research-based knowledge to support state implementation of R2P principles.
The purpose of this project is to cut across academic and policy divides to develop a coherent framework and agenda to promote the effective implementation of R2P. We seek to clarify what the implementation of R2P entails for the policy and practitioner community, and to push forward new lines of academic inquiry and research that could support the implementation agenda. This can be achieved by providing both theoretical and empirical foundations for building specific policy frameworks and institutional capacity through which the key objectives of R2P prevention of atrocity crimes and protection of civilian populations are to be consolidated. The approach is multidisciplinary, drawing on cutting-edge research in the fields of atrocity prevention, international law, foreign policy, development studies, governance and regulatory studies, and international security studies.
A two-day conference held 27‒28 October 2016 at The Australian National University.
Academics, and members and representatives of a wide range of government agencies, the diplomatic community, international organisations, and civil society organisations.
Implementing the Responsibility to Protect: Domestic Processes and Foreign Assistance, Conference Report, July 2017.
An edited volume, Implementing R2P: First Experiences and a Future Agenda, to be published in 2018.
Jeremy Farrall is Fellow at the Asia-Pacific College of Diplomacy in the Coral Bell School of Asia Pacific Affairs at the ANU and Adjunct Associate Professor at the University of Tasmania Faculty...
Cecilia is a Fellow in the Department of International Relations at the Coral Bell School. Her work focuses on civilian protection, mass atrocity prevention, and international human protection...
Professor William Maley is Professor of Diplomacy at the Asia-Pacific College of Diplomacy, where he served as Foundation Director from 1 July 2003 to 31 December 2014.
He taught for many...
As the international community grapples with extensive humanitarian crises across the globe, the need for stronger domestic and regional capacity to prevent atrocities and protect populations is of...
Evaluating the United Nation's Agenda for Atrocity Prevention: Prospects for the International Regulation of Internal Security
Cecilia Jacob, ‘Evaluating the United Nation’s Agenda for Atrocity Prevention: Prospects for the International Regulation of Internal Security’, Politics and Governance, 3(3) 2015: 16-26.
Cecilia Jacob, ‘State Responsibility and Prevention in the Responsibility to Protect: Communal Violence in India’, Global Responsibility to Protect, 7(1) 2015: 56-80.
Cecilia Jacob and Stephen McLoughlin, ‘Strengthening State Resilience for the Prevention of Mass Atrocity Crimes’, APCR2P Policy Brief, 5(5), Brisbane: Asia-Pacific Centre for the Responsibility to Protect,...
Civilian Protection in the Twenty-First Century: Governance and Responsibility in a Fragmented World
Cecilia Jacob and Alistair D.B. Cook, eds, Civilian Protection in the Twenty-First Century: Governance and Responsibility in a Fragmented World, New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2016.
Cecilia Jacob, ed., Implementing the Responsibility to Protect: Domestic Processes and Foreign Assistance, Conference Report, Canberra: Department of International Relations, ANU, July 2017.
United Nations Secretary-General reports
In larger freedom: Towards development, security and human rights for all, Report of the Secretary-General, A/59/2005, 21 March 2005.
Implementing the responsibility to protect, Report of the Secretary-General, A/63/677, 12 January 2009.
Early warning, assessment and the responsibility to protect, Report of the Secretary-General, A/64/864, 14 July 2010.
The role of regional and sub-regional arrangements in implementing the responsibility to protect, Report of the Secretary-General, A/65/ 877‒S/2011/ 393, 12 July 2011.
Responsibility to protect: Timely and decisive response, Report of the Secretary-General, A/66/ 874‒S/2012/ 578, 25 July 2012.
Responsibility to protect: State responsibility and prevention, Report of the Secretary-General, A/67/929‒S/2013/399, 9 July 2013.
Fulfilling our collective responsibility: International assistance and the responsibility to protect, Report of the Secretary-General, A/68/947‒S/2014/449, 11 July 2014.
A vital and enduring commitment: Implementing the responsibility to protect, Report of the Secretary-General, A/69/981‒S/2015/500, 13 July 2015.
Mobilizing collective action: The next decade of the responsibility to protect, Report of the Secretary-General, A/70/999‒S/2016/620, 22 July 2016.
Implementing the responsibility to protect: Accountability for protection, Report of the Secretary-General, A/71/1016-S/2017/556, August 2017.
Other key documents
International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty, The Responsibility to Protect: Report of the International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty, Ottawa: International Development Resource Centre, December 2001.
A more secure world: Our shared responsibility, Report of the High-level Panel on Threats, Challenges and Change, New York: United Nations, 2004.
2005 World Summit Outcome, A/60/L.1, 15 September 2005.
Framework of analysis for atrocity crimes: A tool for prevention, New York: United Nations Office on Genocide Prevention and the Responsibility to Protect, 2014.
Field guide: Helping prevent mass atrocities, Washington, DC: USAID, April 2015.
Institutional capacities for the implementation of R2P in West Africa: A case study of Ghana, Accra: West Africa Network for Peacebuilding, February 2016.
Implementing the Responsibility to Protect Project is located in the Hedley Bull Building situated on the corner of Liversidge St and Garran Road on the ANU campus.
Department of International Relations
Coral Bell School of Asia Pacific Affairs
Hedley Bull Building
130 Garran Road
The Australian National University Acton ACT 2601 Australia
Telephone and fax
T +61 (0)2 6125 4451
F +61 (0)2 6125 8010