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Published in Michael Wesley, ed., Energy Security in Asia, Abingdon: Routledge, 2007, pp. 161-73.
As part of the world’s most dynamic region for projected economic growth and geopolitical change, Asia-Pacific countries will become more import-dependent for their energy demands and will require more comprehensive strategies to ensure their future access to energy resources. Among the key issues regarding this requirement are: 1) ‘energy nationalism’ versus regional and international market cooperation; 2) energy source diversification from fossil fuels to nuclear energy development and coal consumption, with implications for nuclear proliferation and environmental politics; and 3) the intensification of contingent and structural risks to Asia-Pacific energy security. This chapter assesses these three issues, integrating each into broader considerations of strategic relations between and military capabilities of the region’s key energy players (the US, Japan, China, and India) and into an evaluation of possible measures to modify energy competition in the Asia-Pacific’s strategic context.
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